Abrasion

ASTM D3389

Summary

This test method covers the determination of the wear resistance of fabrics coated with rubber or plastics to abrasion.

Test Details

The abrasion is measured by mass loss or number of cycles required to wear through the coating to initially expose the base fabric.

The resistance of coated fabrics to abrasion, as measured on a testing machine in the laboratory, is generally only one of several factors contributing to wear performance or durability as experienced in the actual use of the material. While abrasion resistance (often stated in terms of the number of abrasion cycles) and durability are frequently related, the relationship varies with different end uses and different factors may be necessary in any calculation of predicted durability from specific abrasion data. This test method provides a comparative ranking of material performance, which can be used as an indication of relative end-use performance.

The resistance of coated fabrics to abrasion may be affected by factors including test conditions, type of abradant, pressure between the specimen and abradant, mounting or tension of the specimen, and type, kind, or amount of finishing materials.

The measurement of the relative amount of abrasion may also be affected by the method of evaluation and may be influenced by the judgment of the operator.

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